Borehole derived Pine Island Glacier mean annual temperatures - collected 2014-2015
Mulvaney, Robert & Smith, Andrew M. "Pine Island Glacier mean annual temperatures - collected 2014-2015";
NERC - Polar Data Centre, Cambridge, UK.

Table with measurements of mean annual temperature in degrees Celsius at 22 sites in Pine Island Glacier, located by hand held Garmin GPS position, and altitude recorded by survey quality Leica GPS.

The mean annual temperature of a remote ice sheet site is generally agreed to be equivalent to the temperature measured at 10m depth in a borehole. This dataset records the 10m temperatures at 22 remote sites in the Pine Island Glacier region of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Data were recorded on a single thermistor logging thermometer for a period of 12 to 24 hours on the date noted in table (marked in table as 'Single thermistor') or as the mean of two cables with parallel triple thermistors measured at a single time (date/time noted in table) after a minimum of 12 hours settling in the borehole (marked in table as 'Average of six thermistors'). Measurements were made independently in two boreholes: one drilled to approximately 12m for deployment of a neutron source ice density probe (marked in table as '10m temperature Neutron Probe borehole'); one drilled to approximately 50m during recovery of an ice core (marked in table as '10m temperature Ice Core borehole').

Some have argued that the mean annual temperature is better measured at 15m in a borehole to remove any trace of the seasonal surface temperature cycle. In the table we additionally record the temperature in the ice core borehole at 15m (marked in table as '15m temperature Ice Core borehole') using a logging PT-100 temperature device (marked in table as 'Single PT-100').

NERC grant: "iSTAR-D: The contribution to sea-level rise from the Amundsen Sea sector of Antarctica" NE/J00569X/1

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